online sports betting regulation z

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From a footy point of view, clubs and fans alike will have at least one standout hope for the season, no matter how outlandish some may seem. Sign up now! Why: We saw how Richmond almost came undone during this season after some off-field controversies, so it goes without saying the Crows cannot afford to let some players off the hook for doing the wrong thing given how crucial this culture building stage is for a team in its infancy under Matthew Nicks.

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Online sports betting regulation z

The Colorado Legislature, which is split between Democrats and Republicans in the state House of Representatives and in the state Senate, approved H. Similar political support has largely been seen across the country in the sports betting measures enacted since the repeal of PASPA. The strength or weakness of the support for sports betting in each such state, however, is largely irrelevant to the Wire Act and UIGEA, which together act as a significant federal albatross hanging over the industry, increasing costs and limiting the commercial possibilities of the expansion of sports betting.

The Wire Act was passed in as part of a package of bills aimed at combating organized crime. The widely acknowledged purpose of the bills was to allow the U. Department of Justice to assist the states in enforcing their laws relating to bookmaking and gambling. Knowingly us[ing] a wire communication facility for the transmission in interstate or foreign commerce of bets or wagers or information assisting in the placing of bets or wagers on any sporting event or contest, or for the transmission of a wire communication which entitles the recipient to receive money or credit as a result of bets or wagers, or for information assisting in the placing of bets or wagers.

Prior to Dec. In November , however, the DOJ issued a memorandum opinion reversing the position articulated in its opinion and concluding that the Wire Act does, in fact, apply to other forms of wagering other than sports wagering. Although the opinion is the subject of ongoing litigation by New Hampshire among others, consistent across all of these positions is the DOJ contention that the Wire Act prevents states from enacting laws make interstate, internet sports wagering legal.

For an operator that hopes to offer sports betting to customers nationwide as states individually enact enabling laws, that means modern internet commerce tools like cloud computing, remote systems management and highly centralized operations management are largely unavailable.

N, pp. Moschella, Assistant Attorney General, to Rep. John Conyers, Jr. How specific types of gambling products can be offered and the related limitations for offering gambling products. The requirements and procedures for obtaining gambling licences and permits for operators, as well as for training persons directly conducting actions with regards to gambling for example, croupiers.

The government fees applicable to gambling operators. Administrative fines for violating the law. In addition to administrative fines, there are also criminal sanctions for violations in connection with gambling. The Gambling Law applies to both land-based and online gambling. Definitions of gambling. What is the legal definition of gambling in your jurisdiction and what falls within this definition? General definition The Gambling Law applies to "gambling games" gry hazardowe , which consist of four main categories:.

Games of chance gry losowe. This is an umbrella term for "games, including those conducted via the Internet, for cash or in-kind prizes, the result of which depends in particular on chance". In practice, the prevailing view of the courts is to interpret this definition restrictively: whenever an element of chance occurs in a game, even to a minor extent, the game is a game of chance.

In addition to the general definition, the Gambling Law also lists the specific forms of gambling games which are considered games of chance. These include:. These are games played for cash or in-kind prizes, and consist of two subtypes:. Card games gry w karty. Three types of card games are considered gambling games:.

Only card games played for cash or in-kind prizes are subject to gambling regulations. Slot machine games gry na automatach. See Question 4, Slot and other machine gaming. Games where there is no element of chance that is, games solely based on the participants' skill or knowledge are not covered by the Gambling Law.

However, in many cases, it can be hard to tell whether a particular activity constitutes a game of chance. This area is interpreted strictly by the authorities. The Minister of Finance is authorised to issue on request decisions whether a particular game should be treated as a gambling game regulated by the Gambling Law.

However, the decision is binding in individual cases only and the Minister does not issue universally-binding interpretations of the Gambling Law. Online gambling No specific definition for online gambling is provided in the Gambling Law. The Gambling Law simply includes provisions that apply only to games "conducted via the Internet network", but does not explain this term further.

Online betting and promotional lotteries are the only forms of online gambling currently allowed to be organised by private entities. Other online gambling games are restricted for private entities, but a state-owned company Totalizator Sportowy Sp.

Land-based gambling Most of the Gambling Law's regulations concern land-based gambling. The Law does not specifically distinguish land-based gambling from online gambling, however, some provisions apply exclusively to online gambling and betting, and are not applicable to land-based operations. Regulatory authorities. What are the regulatory or governmental bodies that are responsible for supervising gambling?

General supervisory authority for gambling rests with the minister competent for public finance currently this area of government is designated to the Minister of Finance. The minister is responsible for, among other things:. Issuing decisions classifying certain products as gambling products.

Issuing licences to casinos, and permits for bingo saloons and betting operations. The day-to-day supervision of the gambling market in Poland, as well as enforcement, is carried out by the National Revenue Administration NRA , a state organ responsible for taxes and customs. In general, Directors of Revenue Administration Regional Offices act in a supervisory capacity towards the gambling market, while Heads of Tax and Customs Offices are responsible for imposing fines for non-compliance with gambling regulations.

Gambling products. What gambling products have been specifically identified by legislation, and what different requirements have been established for each? Poker The Gambling Law classifies poker as one of the card games.

However, the term "poker" and the rules of the game itself are not further defined. Case law also does not use a specific definition generally all card games which resemble poker according to their rules are treated as poker. Playing poker is highly regulated if it includes cash or in-kind prizes otherwise the Gambling Law does not apply. The Gambling Law provides an exhaustive list of legal forms of playing poker, as follows:.

In tournaments, which may be organised by a casino, either on the premises of a casino or outside them. In games played against the casino, on its premises. In tournaments organised by entities other than casinos, a form which is only allowed when minor in-kind prizes are provided. Organising a poker tournament requires notifying fiscal authorities in advance, and the terms of the tournament must be pre-approved by the Minister of Finance. Betting There are two forms of betting allowed under the Gambling Law:.

Bookmaking the more popular form. In bookmaking, winning is related to the outcome of sports or other events. The Gambling Law defines bookmaking as "betting for cash or in-kind prizes consisting of guessing the occurrence of various events, including virtual events, where the participants pay stakes and the value of prizes depends on the ratio of the stake and prize as agreed between the entity accepting the bet and the stake payer".

Since 1 April , computer-generated "virtual events" may be used as a basis for betting. Operators are prohibited from accepting bets on results of number games. Bookmaking may be conducted in both land-based and online form. A permit is required before operators can commence operations see Question 5.

Sports betting The Gambling Law allows for two forms of sports betting:. See above, Betting. Totalisator systems. This is "betting for cash or in-kind prizes consisting of guessing the results of sports competitions among humans or animals, where participants pay stakes and the value of the prize depends on the total of stakes paid" pari-mutuel betting. Both forms of sports betting fall within the broader category of betting see above, Betting. Casino games For private entities, the following games may only be offered inside casinos and therefore a casino licence is required to organise them in their land-based variation.

A state-owned company is also exclusively allowed to offer them via the internet. Cylindrical games. This a type of game where the "participation consists of choosing numbers, signs or other distinguishing marks, the value of the prize depends on a predefined ratio of the stake and prize, and the result of the game is determined by a rotary device or cylindrical games conducted via the Internet under the abovementioned rules".

Roulette is the most popular cylindrical game. Dice games. These are not defined further by the Gambling Law. Slot machine games. See below, Slot and other machine gaming. Slot and other machine gaming Under the Gambling Law, slot machine games are defined as "games played with the use of mechanical, electromechanical or electronic devices, computers included, as well as games conducted via the Internet, when their rules correspond to those of slot machines, for cash or in-kind prizes, where the game features an element of chance".

As the definition is broad, many types of electronic games can be treated as slot machine games under the Gambling Law if they offer cash or in-kind prizes. An "in-kind prize" in relation to slot machine games is also understood to cover winning either:. Additional play time. The ability to start a new game without having to pay a new game fee. This definition is particularly broad, and it has been argued that it even covers some mechanics of "ordinary" non-gambling computer games, such as "loot boxes" in November the regulator dismissed these claims, although only in a press statement with no official legal force.

Slot machine games are only permitted inside casinos or slot machine parlours, with the latter being exclusively operated by a state-owned company. Terminal-based gaming There is no such separate category of games defined under the Gambling Law. In most cases the various types of gaming terminals provided they feature games with an element of chance and offer cash or in-kind prizes will fall within the category of slot machine games see above, Slot and other machine gaming.

Bingo The Gambling Law defines three forms of bingo:. This is a game "where participation occurs by purchasing a game ticket, which includes random sets of numbers or signs from a predefined set of numbers or signs, where the game is conducted nationwide and the draw is broadcasted on television and the entity organising the game offers cash or in-kind prizes".

Cash bingo. This is a game "where participation occurs by purchasing random sets of numbers from a predefined set of numbers, where the entity organising the game offers only cash prizes which value depends on the total of the stakes paid". Raffle bingo. This is a game "where participation occurs by purchasing random sets of numbers from a predefined set of numbers, where the entity organising the game offers only in-kind prizes".

Each form of bingo is regulated in a different manner, for example:. Telebingo is subject to state monopoly and cannot be organised by private entities. As of , no such games have been held in Poland. Cash bingo can only be held in bingo game saloons, which require a bingo game saloon permit. No such saloons operated in Poland in Organising a raffle bingo game requires obtaining a prior permit that will be valid for one specific game only.

Any natural or legal person can organise a raffle bingo game a bingo game saloon permit is not required in this case. A mere notification that the game is due to be held which should be made at least 30 days prior to the planned date of the game is required for raffle bingo games with:.

A permit for a raffle bingo game is not always required, but must only be organised for charitable intentions. The Gambling Law states that all profits should be used for "socially beneficial purposes". A permit is always required if the value of prizes exceed the sums specified above. In practice, games of bingo are almost non-existent in Poland. Lottery The Gambling Law defines four types of lotteries:. Cash lotteries. These are games "where participation occurs by purchasing a coupon or other game ticket and the entity organising the lottery offers only cash prizes".

Raffle lotteries. These are games "where participation occurs by purchasing a coupon or other game ticket and the entity organising the lottery offers only in-kind prizes". Promotional lotteries. These are games "where participation in a free lottery occurs by purchasing a product, a service or other game ticket and the entity organising the lottery offers cash or in-kind prizes".

There are games "where participation occurs by either a paid phone call, or short text messages using a public telecommunications network". Each type of lottery is regulated in a different manner, for example:. Cash lotteries can only be organised by a state-owned company appointed by the Prime Minister currently Totalizator Sportowy.

Raffle lotteries can be organised by anyone with a prior permit in the same way as raffle bingo. For details of permit costs and exemptions for public benefit organisations, see above , Bingo. Number games The Gambling Law specifically addresses number games. These are defined as "games where the prize is won by choosing correct numbers, signs or other distinguishing marks and the value of the prizes depends on the total of stakes paid", and the game of "keno", where "the prize is won by choosing correct numbers and the value of the prizes is the product of the stake paid and the multiplier specified for specific levels of prizes".

The most prominent number game in Poland is Lotto, a de facto national lottery. The state has a monopoly over all number games in Poland. What is the licensing regime if any for land-based gambling? Available licences Different licences or permits are required depending on the type of game, for example, a:. Casino licence is required for casino games. Bingo game saloon permit is required for cash bingo.

Betting operator permit is required for providing betting operations. Casinos and bingo saloons are limited in number. Under the Gambling Law, not more than one casino can operate in a single location village or city up to , inhabitants. Casinos can be also run aboard sea passenger ships and passenger ferries under the Polish banner, provided these games commence no earlier than 30 minutes after leaving the departure port and end no later than 30 minutes prior to arrival at the destination port.

The rules for numbers are similar for bingo saloons, but the limit is one saloon per , inhabitants, and not more than one saloon per , in one province. Where more than one entity applies for a licence or permit with quantitative restrictions, the Minister of Finance should organise a public tender procedure. For slot machine parlours operated by a state-owned company there is also a limit on the number of slot machines which can operate in them, with no more than one machine per 1, inhabitants allowed in a single county powiat.

There are no such restrictions as to the number of bet-making points allowed. Each casino licence is valid for one specific casino only. This rule also applies to bingo saloon permits. Similarly, one permit is valid for a specific number of bet-making points. Each licence or permit also requires the approval of the terms and conditions of the gambling product from the Minister of Finance or Director of the competent Revenue Administration Regional Office, depending on the geographic scope of the intended gambling product.

For some games, no licence or permit is required and a mere prior notification is sufficient. A notification to the competent Head of the Customs and Tax Office must be made at least 30 days prior to the planned date of the game of raffle bingo or a raffle lottery, if the total value of the prizes does not exceed either:. Eligibility Number games, cash lotteries, telebingo, and slot machines other than those in casinos are subject to state monopoly and can therefore only be offered by a state-owned operator.

In general, only joint-stock and limited liability companies with their registered offices in Poland can operate casinos, bingo saloons or betting points. A representative in Poland must be appointed on the basis of a written agreement with the operator in question.

A supervisory board is required for the casinos', bingo saloons' and betting operating companies. A minimum share capital requirement exists for casinos, bingo saloons and betting operators PLN4 million for casinos, PLN2 million for bingo saloons and betting operators.

Raise justified concerns in relation to state security, public order, security of the economic interests of the state, as well as concerns from the perspective of the regulations on combating money laundering or financing of terrorism the minister granting the licence or permit may request an opinion from the police or other authorities in this regard.

Be convicted of an intentional crime or intentional fiscal crime in any EU member state. Have criminal proceedings pending against themselves in the context of money laundering or financing of terrorism. Have had their other gambling licence or permit or, in case of natural persons, those companies which they acted for revoked due to a violation of their terms in the last six years. A person in question may be requested to provide official certification to prove that any of the above is not applicable.

In general, premium rate lotteries can be only organised by either:. Joint-stock or limited liability companies with registered offices in Poland. Entities wishing to apply for a licence or permit are required to prove the legality of their capital, and that they are not in any arrears with any taxes, customs duties, and social security contributions.

For casinos, bingo saloons, betting and premium rate lottery operators, there is also a requirement to prove compliance with the laws regarding accounting, money laundering and the financing of terrorism. Promotional lotteries, raffle lotteries and raffle bingo can be organised by any natural person, legal person, or an entity without legal personality without any particular limitations. Persons managing or representing an entity organising raffle lottery or raffle bingo must not have been convicted of an intentional crime or intentional fiscal crime in any EU member state.

Application procedure Casino licences and permits for bingo saloons, betting and poker tournaments are issued by the Minister of Finance. Permits for organising raffle lotteries, premium rate lotteries, raffle bingo or promotional lotteries are issued by the Director of the competent Revenue Administration Regional Office. The procedure for all types of gambling licences, permits and notifications consists of submitting an application and the required documents to the relevant authority.

Different licences and permits have different requirements. However, in general the application should include:. The applicant's details. Details starting date or duration, place and so on of the planned operation, game or lottery.

Certificates or declarations of no tax, customs duty or social security arrears. Documents proving the legality of financial resources of the applicant. Economic and financial study concerning the planned investment and expected profitability in case of casino licences and bingo saloon and betting permits.

Certificate or affidavit confirming that the applicant's operation is compliant with relevant anti-money laundering and financing of terrorism regulations in the case of casino licences and bingo saloon and betting permits. Financial statement of the applicant for the previous turnover year. Draft s of terms and conditions of the game s , which must be validated by the regulatory body.

The former must also provide among other things :. Documents proving the right to use the venue where gambling is planned such as lease agreements. Information regarding the financial status of the applicant and its shareholders. After the application is submitted to the relevant authority, it is examined and a decision will be issued, which either grants or refuses the licence or permit. The applicant can appeal against the decision.

The decision concerning licences or permits should take place within six months of the date of filing the application with the exception of decisions concerning applications for promotional lotteries, premium rate lotteries or raffle lotteries, which should take place within two months from the date of filing the application. However, under the general rules of Polish administrative procedure law, these time restrictions are not binding, and in practice obtaining a betting permit typically takes between nine and 12 months.

A fee must be paid to obtain a licence or a permit see below, Duration of licence and cost : Fees. For some gambling products, operators wishing to obtain a licence or permit must provide a guarantee. Organisers of promotional lotteries, premium rate lotteries, raffle lotteries and raffle bingo must have a guarantee for the payment of prizes up to the total value of the prizes.

In addition to the requirement to obtain a licence or permit, gambling operators must report to the authority for issuing the licence or permit that their operations have commenced. If only a notification is required, the applicant can commence its operations without needing to obtain any explicit permission from the authorities. However, for charity raffle lotteries and raffle bingo, the organiser must report to the authorities how the income from organising the game was used towards the charity cause.

Duration of licence and cost Duration. Casino licences, bingo saloon permits and betting permits issued are valid for a six-year period, which can be extended for additional term of six years. Permits may be valid for no more than:. Three months, for poker tournaments. Two years, for raffle lotteries, raffle bingo, promotional lotteries and premium rate lotteries. Other permits are valid for a single game only. The fees payable for granting licences or permits are not set out in the Gambling Law as specific sums of money.

Instead, they are presented as fractions of a "base amount", which is equal to the average monthly remuneration in enterprises without bonuses from profit in the second calendar quarter of the previous year as announced by the President of the Central Statistical Office in the Official Journal of the Central Statistical Office. Because of this the actual sums to be paid to each licence or permit are different for every calendar year. For land-based gambling, the fees for obtaining licences and permits are as follows:.

Casino licence. Bingo saloon permit. Betting permit. Raffle lottery, raffle bingo. Promotional lottery, premium rate lottery. Poker tournament. Changes of corporate control Casino licences and permits for bingo saloons and betting cannot be transferred to another entity, otherwise than by sale of the whole or part of the enterprise when universal succession applies. For permits concerning other games raffle bingo and lottery, promotional lottery, and premium rate lottery , it is possible to change the name of the promoter.

This requires amending the permit. For foreign companies operating through a Polish representative, if the agreement with the representative is terminated, a new representative must be established within two months from termination date. The regulator must be notified of the termination and the appointment of the new representative.

Companies operating casinos, bingo halls, slot machine parlours or betting are required to report any major changes in their shareholder structure to the minister in charge of public finance. The notification must include information on the source of funds used to acquire the shares and proof of their legality such as a company financial statement. A similar notification obligation concerns changes in the Board, Supervisory Board, or the auditing committee of these gambling operators.

What are the limitations or requirements imposed on land-based gambling operators? Prohibitions As a general rule, any activity related to gambling which does not conform to the Gambling Law is prohibited. Therefore, organising gambling games that deviate from the rules of the Gambling Law is illegal. There may also be games that do not fall clearly within any specific category of such games as defined in the Gambling Law.

In such cases, it is possible to request that the Minister of Finance issues a decision declaring a game to be a certain type of a gambling game. More specific prohibitions include the following among others :. Casino games, bingo and betting are only permitted within casinos, bingo saloons and bet-making points, respectively.

Slot machine games can only be located on the premises of lawfully operated casinos or slot machine parlours the latter being exclusively operated by a state-owned company. It is prohibited to even possess a slot machine for anyone other than casinos, manufacturers, authorised repair shops and so on. Unauthorised possession of a slot machine is a crime, and in some cases administrative fines of PLN, per machine can even be imposed on owners of property where unauthorised machines are stored.

With the exception of betting and promotional lotteries, offering gambling games online is prohibited for private entities. Minors under 18 years of age can only participate in promotional lotteries and raffle lotteries; all other forms of gambling activities are prohibited for minors. Operators can ask for ID to check the participant's age. Outsourcing activities related to gambling operations to third parties is prohibited, except for purely technical actions, such as selling proofs of participation or handing out prizes.

Betting on the results of number games is prohibited. Restrictions There are several restrictions on how gambling can be organised. The main restrictions are as follows:. All visitors to casinos, bingo saloons and slot machine parlours points must register before entry. Their personal data must be stored for three years and can be accessed by the authorities. In casinos, a video record of each game must be prepared and stored for three years. The winners of prizes in gambling games can request operators to issue them with a certificate for their prize.

Operators must keep records of all prizes awarded with a minimum value of PLN2, Slot machine games are very highly regulated, as well as prohibited to possess for anyone other than a limited set of entities. There are several specific provisions regarding their registration and approval, technical inspections, and operation.

For example, the owner of a machine is required to have it inspected by an authorised entity when the Head of the Customs and Tax Office orders him to do so. Any instance of moving a machine to a different location must be notified in advance to the competent Head of the Customs and Tax Office and in writing. Persons convicted of an intentional crime cannot hold positions directly involved in gambling operations such as the position of a croupier, for example , nor can they act as supervisors where telebingo, raffle lotteries, raffle bingo, promotional lotteries or premium rate lotteries are organised.

Moreover, they must undergo professional training on gambling regulations, which must be repeated every three years. Training is not required for a limited set of less prominent posts, such as for lottery ticket sellers.

IS SPORTS BETTING LEGAL IN MACAU

However, these are exceptions. Most countries have made minimal changes, if any. One industry insider, who works for a payment supplier who deal with 50 betting sites across the world, says the shift to casino, virtual, and skill based games like poker and backgammon has been swift and near universal. Most overall losses are probably around 25 to 30 per cent at the moment.

A recent study by the UK's Gambling Commission, which regulates the industry in that country, found that 1. When just online sports betting is considered, that figure rises to 2. For online games like roulette, slots and virtual sports, which are basically number generators, it's 9. On Bet, one of the world's largest betting sites, at the time of writing this article, a customer can bet on various outcomes of a virtual match between Chelsea Pensioners and Manchester Blues, entirely fictitious football teams.

Bets can be made on the match outcome, correct score, number of goals, which team scores first and a variety of other markets. The matches comprise of about three minutes of computer-generated highlights, and as soon one finishes, another starts. The frequency at which a gambler can stake is the main reason for the sky high addiction numbers for these type of games. Rather than watching a match play out over 90 minutes, or waiting half an hour or so between horse races, losses can be chased immediately.

Once the niche preserve of regular gamblers, these type of games are being pushed in to the mainstream. Earlier this month almost 5 million people tuned in to UK public broadcaster ITV to watch the Virtual Grand National, about half the expected audience for the real race, which it replaced in the Saturday afternoon schedules. But advocates of legislation designed to curb problem gambling believe there was an ulterior motive at play, to get new customers signed up.

So firstly, it introduces people to virtual gambling, which the vast majority of people don't even know exists and secondly, it will put people in the crosshairs of the gambling industry. People will be targeted. Bookmakers and gaming companies point to their membership of, and contributions to, various regulatory bodies designed to curb addiction, but recovering addict Grimes is concerned that the combination of isolation, financial worries and the inability to undertake displacement hobbies might lead to relapses - as well as new people developing problems.

It could have been anything. Though it's hard to gather direct statistics, the impacts of gambling addiction are enormous, with mental health problems, suicide and bankruptcy common in those who develop problem gambling. While many will be frustrated by the absence of sport, there are a significant amount of people for whom its absence could have a far more serious legacy.

News and background stories from football and the rest of the world of sports, from Germany's international broadcaster. This is the place to come to find all of our Bundesliga and other football-related content on Facebook. Bookmaking may be conducted in both land-based and online form. A permit is required before operators can commence operations see Question 5. Sports betting The Gambling Law allows for two forms of sports betting:. See above, Betting.

Totalisator systems. This is "betting for cash or in-kind prizes consisting of guessing the results of sports competitions among humans or animals, where participants pay stakes and the value of the prize depends on the total of stakes paid" pari-mutuel betting. Both forms of sports betting fall within the broader category of betting see above, Betting. Casino games For private entities, the following games may only be offered inside casinos and therefore a casino licence is required to organise them in their land-based variation.

A state-owned company is also exclusively allowed to offer them via the internet. Cylindrical games. This a type of game where the "participation consists of choosing numbers, signs or other distinguishing marks, the value of the prize depends on a predefined ratio of the stake and prize, and the result of the game is determined by a rotary device or cylindrical games conducted via the Internet under the abovementioned rules".

Roulette is the most popular cylindrical game. Dice games. These are not defined further by the Gambling Law. Slot machine games. See below, Slot and other machine gaming. Slot and other machine gaming Under the Gambling Law, slot machine games are defined as "games played with the use of mechanical, electromechanical or electronic devices, computers included, as well as games conducted via the Internet, when their rules correspond to those of slot machines, for cash or in-kind prizes, where the game features an element of chance".

As the definition is broad, many types of electronic games can be treated as slot machine games under the Gambling Law if they offer cash or in-kind prizes. An "in-kind prize" in relation to slot machine games is also understood to cover winning either:. Additional play time. The ability to start a new game without having to pay a new game fee.

This definition is particularly broad, and it has been argued that it even covers some mechanics of "ordinary" non-gambling computer games, such as "loot boxes" in November the regulator dismissed these claims, although only in a press statement with no official legal force. Slot machine games are only permitted inside casinos or slot machine parlours, with the latter being exclusively operated by a state-owned company.

Terminal-based gaming There is no such separate category of games defined under the Gambling Law. In most cases the various types of gaming terminals provided they feature games with an element of chance and offer cash or in-kind prizes will fall within the category of slot machine games see above, Slot and other machine gaming. Bingo The Gambling Law defines three forms of bingo:. This is a game "where participation occurs by purchasing a game ticket, which includes random sets of numbers or signs from a predefined set of numbers or signs, where the game is conducted nationwide and the draw is broadcasted on television and the entity organising the game offers cash or in-kind prizes".

Cash bingo. This is a game "where participation occurs by purchasing random sets of numbers from a predefined set of numbers, where the entity organising the game offers only cash prizes which value depends on the total of the stakes paid". Raffle bingo. This is a game "where participation occurs by purchasing random sets of numbers from a predefined set of numbers, where the entity organising the game offers only in-kind prizes".

Each form of bingo is regulated in a different manner, for example:. Telebingo is subject to state monopoly and cannot be organised by private entities. As of , no such games have been held in Poland. Cash bingo can only be held in bingo game saloons, which require a bingo game saloon permit. No such saloons operated in Poland in Organising a raffle bingo game requires obtaining a prior permit that will be valid for one specific game only.

Any natural or legal person can organise a raffle bingo game a bingo game saloon permit is not required in this case. A mere notification that the game is due to be held which should be made at least 30 days prior to the planned date of the game is required for raffle bingo games with:. A permit for a raffle bingo game is not always required, but must only be organised for charitable intentions. The Gambling Law states that all profits should be used for "socially beneficial purposes".

A permit is always required if the value of prizes exceed the sums specified above. In practice, games of bingo are almost non-existent in Poland. Lottery The Gambling Law defines four types of lotteries:. Cash lotteries. These are games "where participation occurs by purchasing a coupon or other game ticket and the entity organising the lottery offers only cash prizes". Raffle lotteries.

These are games "where participation occurs by purchasing a coupon or other game ticket and the entity organising the lottery offers only in-kind prizes". Promotional lotteries. These are games "where participation in a free lottery occurs by purchasing a product, a service or other game ticket and the entity organising the lottery offers cash or in-kind prizes". There are games "where participation occurs by either a paid phone call, or short text messages using a public telecommunications network".

Each type of lottery is regulated in a different manner, for example:. Cash lotteries can only be organised by a state-owned company appointed by the Prime Minister currently Totalizator Sportowy. Raffle lotteries can be organised by anyone with a prior permit in the same way as raffle bingo. For details of permit costs and exemptions for public benefit organisations, see above , Bingo. Number games The Gambling Law specifically addresses number games.

These are defined as "games where the prize is won by choosing correct numbers, signs or other distinguishing marks and the value of the prizes depends on the total of stakes paid", and the game of "keno", where "the prize is won by choosing correct numbers and the value of the prizes is the product of the stake paid and the multiplier specified for specific levels of prizes". The most prominent number game in Poland is Lotto, a de facto national lottery.

The state has a monopoly over all number games in Poland. What is the licensing regime if any for land-based gambling? Available licences Different licences or permits are required depending on the type of game, for example, a:. Casino licence is required for casino games. Bingo game saloon permit is required for cash bingo. Betting operator permit is required for providing betting operations. Casinos and bingo saloons are limited in number. Under the Gambling Law, not more than one casino can operate in a single location village or city up to , inhabitants.

Casinos can be also run aboard sea passenger ships and passenger ferries under the Polish banner, provided these games commence no earlier than 30 minutes after leaving the departure port and end no later than 30 minutes prior to arrival at the destination port. The rules for numbers are similar for bingo saloons, but the limit is one saloon per , inhabitants, and not more than one saloon per , in one province.

Where more than one entity applies for a licence or permit with quantitative restrictions, the Minister of Finance should organise a public tender procedure. For slot machine parlours operated by a state-owned company there is also a limit on the number of slot machines which can operate in them, with no more than one machine per 1, inhabitants allowed in a single county powiat. There are no such restrictions as to the number of bet-making points allowed.

Each casino licence is valid for one specific casino only. This rule also applies to bingo saloon permits. Similarly, one permit is valid for a specific number of bet-making points. Each licence or permit also requires the approval of the terms and conditions of the gambling product from the Minister of Finance or Director of the competent Revenue Administration Regional Office, depending on the geographic scope of the intended gambling product.

For some games, no licence or permit is required and a mere prior notification is sufficient. A notification to the competent Head of the Customs and Tax Office must be made at least 30 days prior to the planned date of the game of raffle bingo or a raffle lottery, if the total value of the prizes does not exceed either:. Eligibility Number games, cash lotteries, telebingo, and slot machines other than those in casinos are subject to state monopoly and can therefore only be offered by a state-owned operator.

In general, only joint-stock and limited liability companies with their registered offices in Poland can operate casinos, bingo saloons or betting points. A representative in Poland must be appointed on the basis of a written agreement with the operator in question. A supervisory board is required for the casinos', bingo saloons' and betting operating companies. A minimum share capital requirement exists for casinos, bingo saloons and betting operators PLN4 million for casinos, PLN2 million for bingo saloons and betting operators.

Raise justified concerns in relation to state security, public order, security of the economic interests of the state, as well as concerns from the perspective of the regulations on combating money laundering or financing of terrorism the minister granting the licence or permit may request an opinion from the police or other authorities in this regard.

Be convicted of an intentional crime or intentional fiscal crime in any EU member state. Have criminal proceedings pending against themselves in the context of money laundering or financing of terrorism. Have had their other gambling licence or permit or, in case of natural persons, those companies which they acted for revoked due to a violation of their terms in the last six years.

A person in question may be requested to provide official certification to prove that any of the above is not applicable. In general, premium rate lotteries can be only organised by either:. Joint-stock or limited liability companies with registered offices in Poland. Entities wishing to apply for a licence or permit are required to prove the legality of their capital, and that they are not in any arrears with any taxes, customs duties, and social security contributions.

For casinos, bingo saloons, betting and premium rate lottery operators, there is also a requirement to prove compliance with the laws regarding accounting, money laundering and the financing of terrorism. Promotional lotteries, raffle lotteries and raffle bingo can be organised by any natural person, legal person, or an entity without legal personality without any particular limitations.

Persons managing or representing an entity organising raffle lottery or raffle bingo must not have been convicted of an intentional crime or intentional fiscal crime in any EU member state. Application procedure Casino licences and permits for bingo saloons, betting and poker tournaments are issued by the Minister of Finance.

Permits for organising raffle lotteries, premium rate lotteries, raffle bingo or promotional lotteries are issued by the Director of the competent Revenue Administration Regional Office. The procedure for all types of gambling licences, permits and notifications consists of submitting an application and the required documents to the relevant authority.

Different licences and permits have different requirements. However, in general the application should include:. The applicant's details. Details starting date or duration, place and so on of the planned operation, game or lottery. Certificates or declarations of no tax, customs duty or social security arrears. Documents proving the legality of financial resources of the applicant. Economic and financial study concerning the planned investment and expected profitability in case of casino licences and bingo saloon and betting permits.

Certificate or affidavit confirming that the applicant's operation is compliant with relevant anti-money laundering and financing of terrorism regulations in the case of casino licences and bingo saloon and betting permits. Financial statement of the applicant for the previous turnover year.

Draft s of terms and conditions of the game s , which must be validated by the regulatory body. The former must also provide among other things :. Documents proving the right to use the venue where gambling is planned such as lease agreements.

Information regarding the financial status of the applicant and its shareholders. After the application is submitted to the relevant authority, it is examined and a decision will be issued, which either grants or refuses the licence or permit. The applicant can appeal against the decision. The decision concerning licences or permits should take place within six months of the date of filing the application with the exception of decisions concerning applications for promotional lotteries, premium rate lotteries or raffle lotteries, which should take place within two months from the date of filing the application.

However, under the general rules of Polish administrative procedure law, these time restrictions are not binding, and in practice obtaining a betting permit typically takes between nine and 12 months. A fee must be paid to obtain a licence or a permit see below, Duration of licence and cost : Fees. For some gambling products, operators wishing to obtain a licence or permit must provide a guarantee.

Organisers of promotional lotteries, premium rate lotteries, raffle lotteries and raffle bingo must have a guarantee for the payment of prizes up to the total value of the prizes. In addition to the requirement to obtain a licence or permit, gambling operators must report to the authority for issuing the licence or permit that their operations have commenced.

If only a notification is required, the applicant can commence its operations without needing to obtain any explicit permission from the authorities. However, for charity raffle lotteries and raffle bingo, the organiser must report to the authorities how the income from organising the game was used towards the charity cause.

Duration of licence and cost Duration. Casino licences, bingo saloon permits and betting permits issued are valid for a six-year period, which can be extended for additional term of six years. Permits may be valid for no more than:.

Three months, for poker tournaments. Two years, for raffle lotteries, raffle bingo, promotional lotteries and premium rate lotteries. Other permits are valid for a single game only. The fees payable for granting licences or permits are not set out in the Gambling Law as specific sums of money.

Instead, they are presented as fractions of a "base amount", which is equal to the average monthly remuneration in enterprises without bonuses from profit in the second calendar quarter of the previous year as announced by the President of the Central Statistical Office in the Official Journal of the Central Statistical Office. Because of this the actual sums to be paid to each licence or permit are different for every calendar year. For land-based gambling, the fees for obtaining licences and permits are as follows:.

Casino licence. Bingo saloon permit. Betting permit. Raffle lottery, raffle bingo. Promotional lottery, premium rate lottery. Poker tournament. Changes of corporate control Casino licences and permits for bingo saloons and betting cannot be transferred to another entity, otherwise than by sale of the whole or part of the enterprise when universal succession applies.

For permits concerning other games raffle bingo and lottery, promotional lottery, and premium rate lottery , it is possible to change the name of the promoter. This requires amending the permit. For foreign companies operating through a Polish representative, if the agreement with the representative is terminated, a new representative must be established within two months from termination date.

The regulator must be notified of the termination and the appointment of the new representative. Companies operating casinos, bingo halls, slot machine parlours or betting are required to report any major changes in their shareholder structure to the minister in charge of public finance. The notification must include information on the source of funds used to acquire the shares and proof of their legality such as a company financial statement.

A similar notification obligation concerns changes in the Board, Supervisory Board, or the auditing committee of these gambling operators. What are the limitations or requirements imposed on land-based gambling operators?

Prohibitions As a general rule, any activity related to gambling which does not conform to the Gambling Law is prohibited. Therefore, organising gambling games that deviate from the rules of the Gambling Law is illegal.

There may also be games that do not fall clearly within any specific category of such games as defined in the Gambling Law. In such cases, it is possible to request that the Minister of Finance issues a decision declaring a game to be a certain type of a gambling game. More specific prohibitions include the following among others :.

Casino games, bingo and betting are only permitted within casinos, bingo saloons and bet-making points, respectively. Slot machine games can only be located on the premises of lawfully operated casinos or slot machine parlours the latter being exclusively operated by a state-owned company. It is prohibited to even possess a slot machine for anyone other than casinos, manufacturers, authorised repair shops and so on.

Unauthorised possession of a slot machine is a crime, and in some cases administrative fines of PLN, per machine can even be imposed on owners of property where unauthorised machines are stored. With the exception of betting and promotional lotteries, offering gambling games online is prohibited for private entities. Minors under 18 years of age can only participate in promotional lotteries and raffle lotteries; all other forms of gambling activities are prohibited for minors.

Operators can ask for ID to check the participant's age. Outsourcing activities related to gambling operations to third parties is prohibited, except for purely technical actions, such as selling proofs of participation or handing out prizes.

Betting on the results of number games is prohibited. Restrictions There are several restrictions on how gambling can be organised. The main restrictions are as follows:. All visitors to casinos, bingo saloons and slot machine parlours points must register before entry. Their personal data must be stored for three years and can be accessed by the authorities. In casinos, a video record of each game must be prepared and stored for three years. The winners of prizes in gambling games can request operators to issue them with a certificate for their prize.

Operators must keep records of all prizes awarded with a minimum value of PLN2, Slot machine games are very highly regulated, as well as prohibited to possess for anyone other than a limited set of entities. There are several specific provisions regarding their registration and approval, technical inspections, and operation. For example, the owner of a machine is required to have it inspected by an authorised entity when the Head of the Customs and Tax Office orders him to do so.

Any instance of moving a machine to a different location must be notified in advance to the competent Head of the Customs and Tax Office and in writing. Persons convicted of an intentional crime cannot hold positions directly involved in gambling operations such as the position of a croupier, for example , nor can they act as supervisors where telebingo, raffle lotteries, raffle bingo, promotional lotteries or premium rate lotteries are organised.

Moreover, they must undergo professional training on gambling regulations, which must be repeated every three years. Training is not required for a limited set of less prominent posts, such as for lottery ticket sellers. Gambling operators must keep detailed records of their activities, including details of:. All gambling operators are required to send monthly reports on their operations to either the Minister of Finance or the Director of the competent Revenue Administration Regional Office, including economic and financial operation data.

As a punitive measure issued by a criminal court in addition to the standard punishment for crimes related to gambling, the court can forbid an individual from participating in gambling and entering gambling facilities.

This measure can be ordered it is not compulsory alongside a conviction connected with organising or participating in illegal gambling. The restriction is imposed for a term of between one to ten years. Violation of this measure is a crime itself. Apart from this, there are no other entry restrictions such as "cool-off" periods or self-exclusion schemes required by law. Anti-money laundering legislation In general, most gambling operators in Poland are subject to anti-money laundering and terrorism financing regulations.

As "obliged entities" within the meaning of anti-money laundering laws, they are required to, for example, report and store data on all transactions above EUR15, to the General Inspector of Financial Information. As part of the licensing procedure, entities applying for a casino licence, bingo saloon permit, betting permit or a premium rate lottery permit must prove that they are in compliance with anti-money laundering laws.

The General Inspector of Financial Information is authorised to carry out inspections on whether the anti-money laundering obligations have been performed correctly by entities applying for a licence or permit. Licences or permits will be revoked if there has been a money laundering conviction within the EEA. The operators of casinos, bingo saloons and slot machine parlours must also verify and register the identity of their clients, which is also an anti-money laundering measure. What is the licensing regime if any for online gambling?

The only forms of online gambling currently permitted for private entities in Poland are betting and promotional lotteries. Conducting either of these requires obtaining a prior permit. All other forms of online gambling can only be held by a state-owned company. The Gambling Law, as it was initially adopted in , was controversial in whether it included "technical regulations" which were not notified to the European Commission see Question 1.

These regulations particularly concerned online gambling and machine games. According to this Directive, technical regulations must be notified to the European Commission before an act of law is passed, otherwise they are unenforceable against individuals. When the Gambling Law was passed, no notification was made.

The CJEU decisions led to discrepant judgments of Polish courts in cases concerning operating unlicensed slot machine parlours. In separate proceedings, the European Commission conducted an infringement case against Poland, concerning possible non-compliance of the Polish gambling regulations with EU law.

In December , the Commission decided to close all open infringement cases against EU member states that concerned online gambling. Currently, due to the stance of the Commission and the general approach of the CJEU in gambling-related cases, the regulations concerning online gambling in Poland do not seem to be at risk of being invalidated for non-compliance with EU law.

Some offshore operators are trying in the courts to challenge the legality of the mechanism for blocking foreign gambling websites for more details, see Question 10 , claiming it restricts the freedom to provide services in the EU, but so far these attempts have been unsuccessful. Available licences The only available permits that concern online activity are gambling and promotional lotteries. There are no limitations on the number of online betting or promotional lottery operators.

Betting permits are issued for specific websites where the betting is to be offered, as indicated in the application, while permits for promotional lotteries are valid for a single lottery only. Eligibility The eligibility requirements for online betting and promotional lotteries are the same as for their land-based equivalents see Question 5, Eligibility.

Application procedure The procedure to obtain a betting operator permit for online betting or a promotional lottery permit is the same as for their land-based equivalents see Question 5, Application procedure. However, entities wishing to obtain permits for online betting must address certain specific issues in their application, such as the age verification mechanism for participants in practice, a scan of ID is required on registration by most operators.

The guarantee required for online betting operators is PLN, The online betting permit is valid for six years, while a promotional lottery permit only covers a single lottery, and its term may not exceed two years. For an online promotional lottery, the fee is the same as for a land-based one. Changes of corporate control The rules on amending permits are the same for both land-based and online operators see Question 5, Changes of corporate control.

It is not possible for online betting operators to change the name of the operator in the permit, but this is possible for online promotional lottery holders. What are the limitations or requirements imposed on online gambling operators? Prohibitions With the exception of betting and promotional lotteries, no form of online gambling is permitted for private operators. Participating in online gambling organised by foreign operators that are unlicensed in Poland is also a crime.

The more specific prohibitions specified in Question 6 such as the prohibition on gambling by minors also apply to online betting. Restrictions In addition to the restrictions applicable to each specific form of gambling both in land-based and online form see Question 6 , all forms of online gambling are subject to certain additional specific restrictions:.

The authorities are authorised to access the archive and the operator must provide them with access to such data including remote access tools. The data in the archive should be stored for five years; after that period the data should be deleted.

Only using websites with ". For all money operations related to online gambling for example, collecting wages, the payment of winnings and so on , gambling operators can only use specific types of payment service providers as described by payment service regulations, such as banks, credit institutions or payment institutions. Online gambling operators must secure the data confirming participation in gambling, and must ensure that it is not subject to any interference from unauthorised persons and that it can verify its authenticity.

Online gambling operators are required to introduce and follow the "terms of responsible gaming", that is, a set of procedures and measures including, among other things, age verification check, measures allowing participants to control their activity on the website, or restricting them from playing when there are no funds on their account. Anti-money laundering legislation The anti-money laundering rules are the same for both land-based and online operators see Question 6, Anti-money laundering legislation , with the exception of certain additional restrictions, such as the obligation to conduct payment transactions using specific types of providers see above, Restrictions , which can also be considered anti-money laundering-related.

B2B and B2C. Is there a distinction between the law applicable between B2B operations and B2C operations in online gambling? There is no explicit distinction between business to customer B2C and business to business B2B in online gambling operators under Polish law. However, since the outsourcing of gambling operations to third parties unless for certain merely technical actions is prohibited under the Gambling Law, B2B operators would not be permitted in Poland.

Technical measures. What technical measures are in place if any to protect consumers from unlicensed operators, such as ISP blocking and payment blocking? It is a criminal offence to participate in illegal gambling or betting as well as in any forms of foreign gambling or betting in Poland when the participant is located in Poland.

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Arb betting finder When just online sports betting is considered, that figure rises to 2. Help Learn to edit Community portal Online sports betting regulation z changes Upload file. The rules for numbers are similar for bingo saloons, but the limit is one saloon perinhabitants, and not more than one saloon perin one province. Available licences Different licences or permits are required depending on the type of game, for example, a:. The most recent law to address gambling online was the Federal Information Technology Rules where such illegal activities may be blocked by Internet providers within India.
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PRNewswire/ -- The regulatory framework for sports betting is constantly Evolving Attitudes Help Reshape Online Gambling Regulations to Grand Z Casino and Johnny Z's Casino in Central City, Colo. and Z Casino in. Online gambling (or Internet gambling) is any kind of gambling conducted on the internet. This includes virtual poker, casinos and sports betting. In many legal markets, online gambling service providers are required by law to have some form of licence if they wish to 27 (4): – doi/sz​. Regulated sites should aim to win consumer trust to compete with offshores sites. Internet gambling represents a fundamental shift in how consumers engage in from (short) trips to sports events, participation in live casino and/or poker The resulting z-scores are further analysed using the Hierarchical.